1) At Group level, wood consumption is computed net, taking into account internal deliveries of chips from the sawmills to the nearby mills.
2) Of which 4 675 GWh from production at mills from recovered liquors, bark and wood residues, 1 222 GWh from the TMP process at Braviken Paper Mill, Hallsta Paper Mill and the mill in Workington. The process generates thermal energy that is recovered and used in production. 341 GWh comes from natural gas, oil and purchased thermal energy.
3) Of which 1 420 GWh from renewables and 2 576 GWh from nuclear. Emissions of fossil carbon dioxide from production of purchased electricity totalled 21 tonnes.
4) Almost 100 per cent use of surface water from lakes and watercourses.
5) Stated as 100 per cent active substance. Total quantity of commodities was
238 000 tonnes for chemicals and 232 000 tonnes for filler and pigment.
6) Relates to emissions at facilities. Emissions of NMVOC (non-methane volatile organic compounds), CH4 and N2O were measured/estimated to be 2 629 (2 591) tonnes, 26 (26) tonnes and 51 (37) tonnes respectively in 2018.
7) Emission factors from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency in accordance with statutory reporting for the EU ETS.
8) By-products used, for example, as filling material, construction material or for the production of soil products.
9) For delivery to the chemical industry.
10) Hazardous waste is dealt with by authorised collection and recovery contractors. Certain fractions of the waste are recovered. In 2018, Holmen dealt with oil containing waste from vessels that docked at two of its own ports. Such waste is included in the figures for hazardous waste. The volume of this waste in 2018 totalled 634 tonnes.
11) Branches, treetops and peat delivered from Holmen’s land to external energy producers.
12) For 2018: 130 GWh of electrical energy supplied from the mill at Workington to the local community. 229 GWh of thermal energy from Iggesund Mill and Braviken Paper Mill to Iggesund Sawmill and Braviken Sawmill. A total of 11 GWh thermal energy from Hallsta Paper Mill and Iggesund Mill was supplied to the district heating network of the local communities.
13) The high costs stated for 2014 mainly consist of environmentally related elements of the implementation of biofuel boilers within the paperboard business and the wind farm at Varsvik, Norrtälje, Sweden.
14) The stated amount includes costs for waste management, energy tax charged in Sweden on the use of fossil fuels, nitrogen oxide tax and inspection charges.
15) Includes costs of environmental personnel, operation of treatment equipment, waste management, management systems, environmental training, applications for permits, environmental consultants and the costs of inquiries and measures in connection with discontinued operations.
16) The environmental cost of forestry is calculated as the value of the wood that is not harvested for environmental reasons. Holmen sets aside just under 16 per cent of its productive forest acreage and thus refrains from harvesting just under 16 per cent of the potential volume. The annual loss of income in 2018 is estimated at SEK 91 million.