Ships operated under long-term charters have accounted for much of Holmen's transport activity for several years. Capacity utilisation on the ships is high. Rail is mainly used for distributing products from Sweden to southern parts of Europe and to a certain extent also for incoming raw materials. Trucks are the main mode of transport for saw logs and pulpwood. Trucks are also generally the only option for transporting products from the port terminals in Europe to customers. The same also applies to distribution over short distances from mills to customers.
As of 2015, marine fuel may only contain 0.1 per cent sulphur. This is a decision taken by the International Maritime Organization, IMO (UN agency). The rule applies to the Baltic Sea, North Sea and English Channel. Both Holmen and the industry in general have opposed this regional rule, as it will result in unreasonable costs for Swedish companies and unequal competition within the EU and in relation to players outside the EU. The global rule applicable from 2025 of a maximum of 0.5 per cent sulphur in marine fuel is, however, welcomed.
Holmen Skog has long been taking active measures to minimise transport activity by flow optimisation and the exchange of wood with other forest companies. Modern optimisation tools are used in planning, resulting in shorter transport distances and investigation of environmentally efficient and cost-effective transport combinations.
Holmen Skog works in partnership with the rest of the forest industry on technical developments that make forestry more efficient and reduce emissions of carbon dioxide. Studies into longer timber trucks and increased loads show that emissions can be cut by around 20 per cent. Holmen Skog is involved in the national ETT (One More Pile) demo project aimed at testing heavier timber trucks in real-life operational circumstances. The project aims to reduce the number of transport runs, cut diesel consumption and reduce emissions of fossil carbon dioxide. An additional aim is to reduce transport costs.
In 2015, the highest permissible gross weight for trucks was increased to 64 tonnes (from the previous 60 tonnes). In 2016, the Swedish government is expected to make a decision on possibly allowing vehicles up to a total weight of 74 tonnes on the better parts of the road network. As a continuation of the ETT demo project, research will also be conducted into 90 tonne trucks.
Holmen Skog is working to switch the transport of logs from road to rail, and intends to do so where this is possible and cost-effective.
The Group's travel policy includes environmental aspects of travel with the aim of reducing the extent of travel and consequently its environmental impact.
Efforts to reduce the transport impact
Holmen is taking part in industrywide efforts to reduce the impact of transport on climate. The target is to reduce fossil carbon dioxide emissions from transport by 20 per cent by 2020 (base year 2007). The policy of the Swedish industry federation on transport and sustainability has been applicable since 2010. In addition to this, there are joint sustainability criteria developed for the industry that can be used in procuring truck transport services.
Transport Review 2015
The extent of Holmen's transport activity in 2014/2015 and the associated emissions of fossil carbon dioxide were calculated in 2015. The calculation included the transport of raw materials and inputs to the mills and products to the customers. Total transport activity amounted to 4 billion tonne-km, split across modes of transport as follows: rail 7 per cent, road 47 per cent and sea 44 per cent. Overall emissions of fossil carbon dioxide came in at around 175 000 tonnes.